## Every set in P is strongly testable under a suitable encoding

#### Webpage for a paper by Irit Dinur, Oded Goldreich, and Tom Gur

#### Abstract

We show that every set in P is strongly testable
under a suitable encoding.
By ``strongly testable'' we mean having a (proximity oblivious) tester
that makes a constant number of queries and rejects with probability
that is proportional to the distance of the tested object from the property.
By a ``suitable encoding'' we mean one that is polynomial-time
computable and invertible.
This result stands in contrast to the known fact that
some sets in P are extremely hard to test,
providing another demonstration of the crucial role of representation
in the context of property testing.

The testing result is proved by showing
that any set in P has a *strong canonical PCP*,
where canonical means that (for yes-instances)
there exists a single proof that is accepted with probability 1
by the system, whereas all other potential proofs are rejected
with probability proportional to their distance from this proof.
In fact, we show that $\cal UP$ equals the class of sets
having strong canonical PCPs (of logarithmic randomness),
whereas the class of sets having strong canonical PCPs
with polynomial proof length equals ``unambiguous-$\cal MA$''.
Actually, for the testing result, we use a PCP-of-Proximity
version of the foregoing notion and an analogous positive result
(i.e., strong canonical PCPPs of logarithmic randomness
for any set in $\cal UP$).

#### Material available on-line

- First version posted:
March 2018.
- Revisions: none yet.

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