Simple doubly-efficient interactive proof systems for locally-characterizable sets

Abstract

A proof system is called doubly-efficient if the prescribed prover strategy can be implemented in polynomial-time and the verifier's strategy can be implemented in almost-linear-time.

We present direct constructions of doubly-efficient interactive proof systems for problems in $\cal P$ that are believed to have relatively high complexity. Specifically, such constructions are presented for $t$-CLIQUE and $t$-SUM. In addition, we present a generic construction of such proof systems for a natural class that contains both problems and is in NC (and also in SC). The proof systems presented by us are significantly simpler than the proof systems presented by Goldwasser, Kalai and Rothblum (JACM, 2015), let alone those presented by Reingold, Rothblum, and Rothblum (STOC, 2016).

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